Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier.
But by following our easy 8-step method, you will be able to summarize texts quickly and successfully for any class or subject.
First off, skim the text you are going to summarize and divide it into sections. Focus on any headings and subheadings. Also look at any bold-faced terms and make sure you understand them before you read.
Rereading should be active reading. Underline topic sentences and key facts. Label areas that you want to refer to as you write your summary. Also label areas that should be avoided because the details—though they may be interesting—are too specific. Identify areas that you do not understand and try to clarify those points.
You should now have a firm grasp on the text you will be summarizing. Now write down the main idea of each section in one well-developed sentence. Make sure that what you include in your sentences are key points, not minor details.
This is the key to any well-written summary. Review the sentences you wrote in step 4. From them, you should be able to create a thesis statement that clearly communicates what the entire text was trying to achieve.
If you find that you are not able to do this step, then you should go back and make sure your sentences actually addressed key points. At this point, your first draft is virtually done. You can use the thesis statement as the introductory sentence of your summary, and your other sentences can make up the body.
Make sure that they are in order. Add some transition words then, however, also, moreover that help with the overall structure and flow of the summary. And once you are actually putting pen to paper or fingers to keys! Write in the present tense. Make sure to include the author and title of the work.
If you must use the words of the author, cite them. Don't put your own opinions, ideas, or interpretations into the summary. The purpose of writing a summary is to accurately represent what the author wanted to say, not to provide a critique.
Make sure that you have correctly cited anything directly quoted from the text. Also check to make sure that your text does not contain your own commentary on the piece.
Once you are certain that your summary is accurate, you should as with any piece of writing revise it for style, grammar, and punctuation. If you have time, give your summary to someone else to read. This person should be able to understand the main text based on your summary alone.
What are book summaries?
A summary by definition is something that is comprehensive yet brief. A book summary, therefore, consists of the most important elements of a work. Good book summaries also capture essential elements about the central characters and the setting or settings in which the action unfolds.
When you have read a well-written summary, you ought to be able to say in your own words what the book is generally about, who the main characters are, and where it takes place. Imagine going to a bookstore or a library. You might have forgotten the name of the book, but you can recall enough of the pertinent information to help the clerk or librarian find the book for you.
What are chapter summaries? A chapter summary is a condensed version of the major action in a book. A chapter summary will provide key points of action in the narrative, identify primary and sometimes secondary characters, and convey where the action takes place. Later chapter summaries may also briefly revisit events that transpired in earlier chapters.
Chapter summaries are useful because they can help you recall a key event or character that you need to include in an essay or a book report.If writing an article pitch makes you fret, bear in mind the benefits. Summaries enable you to submit a paragraph or two on your idea instead of wasting time writing an entire article that gets put on the backburner because it was not what the publication had in mind.
An Article Review is a critical part of writing in which you should classify, analyze and compare articles and make an evaluation. Your teacher may ask you to review an article, and it is more than its summary!
Guide; Contests; How to Write an Article Review.
Sep 07, I am sure it is not surprising, but writing a synopsis is the hardest task for most of our authors. It’s rare to find anyone completely confident in their synopsis and cover letter – even if they think they have written the world’s best book!
Jul 16, · Reader Approved How to Write a Synopsis. Four Parts: Outlining Your Synopsis Drafting the Synopsis Editing Your Synopsis Sample Synopses Community Q&A A synopsis is an in-depth summary of a written work that describes the content of that work from beginning to end%(1).
Thank you for writing this. I think the synopsis is the hardest thing to write! I have one question. Do we need to mention the humorous moments and heartwarming or hot moments, depending on the line targeted, or just showcase the book?
The Snowflake Method; Writing The Perfect Scene; by the way, is a rather painless way of writing that dreaded detailed synopsis that all writers seem to hate. But it’s actually fun to develop, if you have done steps (1) through (8) first. If the Snowflake Method works for you, I’d like to hear from you.
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