Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. What does the art represent? Young men and maidens with joined hands are dancing.
His extant works include the Parallel Lives, Moralia and Questions. Two of the Lives describe characters of myth, namely Theseus and Romulus.
Plutarch approaches both as an historian and rationalises the fantastic elements of their stories. Translated by Perrin, Bernadotte.
Loeb Classical Library Volume This Loeb volume is still in print and available new from Amazon. Other volumes in the series contain the rest of the Lives.
But where she obstinately disdains to make herself credible, and refuses to admit any element of probability, I shall pray for kindly readers, and such as receive with indulgence the tales of antiquity. It seemed to me, then, that many resemblances made Theseus a fit parallel to Romulus. For Pelops was the strongest of the kings in Peloponnesus quite as much on account of the number of his children as the amount of his wealth.
He gave many daughters in marriage to men of highest rank, and scattered many sons among the cities as their rulers. One of these, named Pittheus, the grandfather of Theseus, founded the little city of Troezen, and had the highest repute as a man versed in the lore of his times and of the greatest wisdom.
One of these maxims is ascribed to Pittheus, namely Payment pledged to a man who is dear must be ample and certain. But Aegeus thought the words of the command somewhat obscure, and therefore turned aside to Troezen and communicated to Pittheus the words of the god, which ran as follows: Aegeus did so, and then learning that it was the daughter of Pittheus with whom he had consorted, and suspecting that she was with child by him, he left a sword and a pair of sandals hidden under a great rock, which had a hollow in it just large enough to receive these objects.
Then he went away. He was reared by Pittheus, as they say, and had an overseer and tutor named Connidas. To this man, even down to the present time, the Athenians sacrifice a ram on the day before the festival of Theseus, remembering him and honoring him with far greater justice than they honor Silanio and Parrhasius, who merely painted and moulded likenesses of Theseus.
Since it was still a custom at that time for youth who were coming of age to go to Delphi and sacrifice some of their hair to the god, Theseus went to Delphi for this purpose, and they say there is a place there which still to this day is called the Theseia from him.
But he sheared only the fore part of his head, just as Homer 12 said the Abantes did, and this kind of tonsure was called Theseis after him. Archilochus is witness to this in the following words: And Alexander of Macedon doubtless understood this when, as they say, he ordered his generals to have the beards of their Macedonians shaved, since these afforded the readiest hold in battle.
During the rest of the time, then, Aethra kept his true birth concealed from Theseus, and a report was spread abroad by Pittheus that he was begotten by Poseidon. For Poseidon is highly honored by the people of Troezen, and he is the patron god of their city; to him they offer first fruits in sacrifice, and they have his trident as an emblem on their coinage.
For it was difficult to make the journey to Athens by land, since no part of it was clear nor yet without peril from robbers and miscreants. Nay rather, they exulted in monstrous insolence, and reaped from their strength a harvest of cruelty and bitterness, mastering and forcing and destroying everything that came in their path.
And as for reverence and righteousness, justice and humanity, they thought that most men praised these qualities for lack of courage to do wrong and for fear of being wronged, and considered them no concern of men who were strong enough to get the upper hand.
But he, as it would seem, had long since been secretly fired by the glorious valor of Heracles, and made the greatest account of that hero, and was a most eager listener to those who told what manner of man he was, and above all to those who had seen him and been present at some deed or speech of his.Theseus managed to kill the Minotaur and save the Athenians, and with Ariadne’s thread he managed to retrace his way out.
Theseus took Princess Ariadne with him and left Crete sailing happily back to Athens. ENCYCLOPEDIA. ARIADNE (Ariadnê), a daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë or Creta.
(Apollod. iii. 1.
§ 2.) When Theseus was sent by his father to convey the tribute of the Athenians to Minotaurus, Ariadne fell in love with him, and gave him the string by means of which he found his way out of the Labyrinth, and which she herself had received from Hephaestus.
The life of Theseus from Greek mythology. Illustrated by Guy Fiero. Text by Joel Skidmore.
It was by lifting a boulder that Theseus, grandson of the king of Troezen. Theseus in Crete: Ariadne and the Minotaur.
Soon after Theseus’ return to Athens, it was due for Aegeus to pay the third yearly tribute to Minos, the king of Crete. Ariadne, in Greek mythology, daughter of Pasiphae and the Cretan king Minos. She fell in love with the Athenian hero Theseus and, with a thread or glittering jewels, helped him escape the Labyrinth after he slew the Minotaur, a beast half bull and half man that Minos kept in the Labyrinth.
Nov 19, · Ariadne gave him a ball of red thread, and Theseus unrolled it as he penetrated the labyrinth, which allowed him to find his way back out. He found the minotaur deep in the recesses of the labyrinth, killed it with his sword, and followed the thread back to the entrance.