Hire Writer The cave is a symbol of the world; it represents the World of Appearances based on what people see by their senses.
Terminology[ edit ] The allegory of the cave is also called the analogy of the cave, myth of the cave, metaphor of the cave, parable of the cave, and Plato's Cave. Left From top to bottom: Right From top to bottom: Imprisonment in the cave[ edit ] Plato begins by having Socrates ask Glaucon to imagine a cave where people have been imprisoned from birth.
These prisoners are chained so that their legs and necks are fixed, forcing them to gaze at the wall in front of them and not look around at the cave, each other, or themselves a—b. The prisoners cannot see any of what is happening behind them, they are only able to see the shadows cast upon the cave wall in front of them.
The sounds of the people talking echo off the walls, and the prisoners believe these sounds come from the shadows c. This prisoner would look around and see the fire. The light would hurt his eyes and make it difficult for him to see the objects casting the shadows.
If he were told that what he is seeing is real instead of the other version of reality he sees on the wall, he would not believe it. In his pain, Plato continues, the freed prisoner would turn away and run back to what he is accustomed to that is, the shadows of the carried objects.
First he can only see shadows. Gradually he can see the reflections of people and things in water and then later see the people and things themselves.
Eventually, he is able to look at the stars and moon at night until finally he can look upon the sun itself a.
Plato concludes that the prisoners, if they were able, would therefore reach out and kill anyone who attempted to drag them out of the cave a. The cave represents the superficial world for the prisoners.
The chains that prevent the prisoners from leaving the cave represent ignorance, meaning the chains are stopping them from learning the truth.
The shadows that cast on the walls of the cave represent the superficial truth, which is an illusion that the prisoners see in the cave. The freed prisoner represents those in society who see the physical world for the illusion that it is.
The sun that is glaring the eyes of the prisoners represents the real truth of the actual world. Only knowledge of the Forms constitutes real knowledge or what Socrates considers "the good".
Those who have ascended to this highest level, however, must not remain there but must return to the cave and dwell with the prisoners, sharing in their labors and honors. Plato's Phaedo contains similar imagery to that of the allegory of the Cave; a philosopher recognizes that before philosophy, his soul was "a veritable prisoner fast bound within his body The epistemological view and the political view, fathered by Richard Lewis Nettleship and A.
Ferguson respectively, tend to be discussed most frequently. Much of the modern scholarly debate surrounding the allegory has emerged from Martin Heidegger 's exploration of the allegory, and philosophy as a whole, through the lens of human freedom in his book The Essence of Human Freedom: On Plato's Cave Allegory and Theaetetus.Plato, in his allegory of the cave uses the cave itself and everything inside the cave as a metaphor to provide persuasive support for the material, illusionistic world or senses.
Plato believed that the material world is subject to a constant state of flux making it is impossible to know the truth of reality. Plato's allegory of the cave is one of the best-known, most insightful attempts to explain the nature of reality. The cave represents the state of most human beings, and the tale of a dramatic.
The story of the cave has many meanings behind it; there is not just one moral to the story, but a variety of linked points are made to express Plato’s understanding of the progress of mind from its lowest stage to an enlightened knowledge of the good. The Allegory of the cave is an allegory written by Plato with the purpose to represent the way a philosopher gains knowledge.
This allegory is a fictional dialogue between Socrates and Glaucon, where Socrates compares the issues appearance vs. reality, education vs.
ignorance. Essay about Plato's Allegory of the Cave Words 6 Pages Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic. Plato's Allegory of the Cave Essay example - Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic.