Visit Website Did you know? Four decades after Constantine made Christianity Rome's official religion, Emperor Julian—known as the Apostate—tried to revive the pagan cults and temples of the past, but the process was reversed after his death, and Julian was the last pagan emperor of Rome. The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus. Politics in the early republic was marked by the long struggle between patricians and plebeians the common peoplewho eventually attained some political power through years of concessions from patricians, including their own political bodies, the tribunes, which could initiate or veto legislation.
|Introduction to ancient Rome (article) | Khan Academy||According to Theodor Kraus, "The root of the word Pompeii would appear to be the Oscan word for the number five, pompe, which suggests that either the community consisted of five hamlets or, perhaps, it was settled by a family group gens Pompeia.|
|Pompeii, an introduction (article) | Khan Academy||Print this page The unexpected catastrophe It is certain that when the eruption of Vesuvius started on the morning of 24 August, AD 79, it caught the local population utterly unprepared.|
See Article History Alternative Title: It was built on a spur formed by a prehistoric lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarnus modern Sarno River.
Pompeii was destroyed, together with HerculaneumStabiaeTorre Annunziataand other communitiesby the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 ce. The circumstances of their destruction preserved their remains as a unique document of Greco-Roman life.
PompeiiPompeii, Italy, designated a World Heritage site in Pompeii supported between 10, and 20, inhabitants at the time of its destruction.
The modern town comune of Pompei pop. History It seems certain that Pompeii, Herculaneum, and nearby towns were first settled by Oscan -speaking descendants of the Neolithic inhabitants of Campania.
Archaeological evidence indicates that the Oscan village of Pompeii, strategically located near the mouth of the Sarnus River, soon came under the influence of the cultured Greeks who had settled across the bay in the 8th century bce.
Greek influence was challenged, however, when the Etruscans came into Campania in the 7th century. A second period of Greek hegemony followed. Then, toward the end of the 5th century, the warlike Samnitesan Italic tribe, conquered Campania, and Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae became Samnite towns.
PompeiiStone roadway in Pompeii, Italy. But they were not completely subjugated and Romanized until the time of the Social War. Pompeii joined the Italians in their revolt against Rome in this war and was besieged by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 89 bce.
After the war, Pompeii, along with the rest of Italy south of the Po Riverreceived Roman citizenship. Latin replaced Oscan as the official language, and the city soon became Romanized in institutions, architecture, and culture.
A riot in the amphitheatre at Pompeii between the Pompeians and the Nucerians, in 59 ce, is reported by the Roman historian Tacitus. An earthquake in 62 ce did great damage in both Pompeii and Herculaneum.
The cities had not yet recovered from this catastrophe when final destruction overcame them 17 years later. Mount Vesuvius erupted on August 24, 79 ce. A vivid eyewitness report is preserved in two letters written by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus, who had inquired about the death of Pliny the Eldercommander of the Roman fleet at Misenum.
Pliny the Elder had rushed from Misenum to help the stricken population and to get a close view of the volcanic phenomena, and he died at Stabiae.
Site excavations and volcanological studies, notably in the late 20th century, have brought out further details. Just after midday on August 24, fragments of ash, pumiceand other volcanic debris began pouring down on Pompeii, quickly covering the city to a depth of more than 9 feet 3 metres and causing the roofs of many houses to fall in.
Additional pyroclastic flows and rains of ash followed, adding at least another 9 feet of debris and preserving in a pall of ash the bodies of the inhabitants who perished while taking shelter in their houses or trying to escape toward the coast or by the roads leading to Stabiae or Nuceria.May 09, · Narrated by David Ackroyd Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
Pompeii: Pompeii, preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy, that was destroyed by the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE.
The circumstances of its destruction preserved Pompeii’s remains as a unique document of Greco-Roman life. Learn more about Pompeii, including its history and excavations.
Civic, commercial, and religious buildings of Pompeii buried by the devastating eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79 and later rediscovered.
Daily life in Pompeii is illustrated through its bakeries and fast food stands and a moving account dramatizes what happened when disaster struck. Pompeii was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (a volcano near the Bay of Naples) in 79 C.E.
making the town one of the best-preserved examples of a Roman city, and tourists today marvel at the sensation of walking through a real ancient city. Pompeii, an introduction. This is the currently selected item. The rediscovery of Pompeii and the other cities of Vesuvius.
Roman architecture. Roman domestic architecture (domus) the city’s complex social and building history, as well as the urban infrastructure, are worth noting as well. The Geography of Pompeii • The city of Pompeii is located on the Bay of Naples on a volcanic spur near the River Sarno, about miles to the south of Rome.
• The city is located roughly 6 miles from Mt. Vesuvius, the volcano which catastrophically erupted and buried the city on August 24 th, 79 A.D.